Physics Cosmology

[ Branes ] [ Quantum_Cosmology ]
  • A Brief History of Universe - Articles about the Universe, Cosmology, Quantum Mechanics, Relativity & collection of some FAQ's.
  • Cambridge Cosmology Homepage - A site dedicated to cosmology, both basic and advanced, maintained by Cambridge university
  • Celestial Expansion - Encompasses the big bang and big crunch theories, the theory of dark matter, and other concepts relating to the universe's expansion.
  • Cosmic Topology - General relativity does not allow one to specify the topology of space, leaving the possibility that space is multi- rather than simply- connected. This paper reviews the mathematical properties of multi-connected spaces, and the different tools to classify them and to analyse their properties.
  • Cosmological Constant - Recently two different groups have measured the apparent brightness of supernovae with redshifts near z = 1. Based on this data the old idea of a cosmological constant is making a comeback.
  • The Cosmological Constant - The following pages present a discussion of the role the cosmological constant plays in modern cosmology. They are designed to offer an overview of how the cosmological constant alters standard cosmology, and to discuss whether a non-zero cosmological constant exists today.
  • Cosmological Models - The aim of this set of lectures is a systematic presentation of a 1+3 covariant approach to studying the geometry, dynamics, and observational properties of relativistic cosmological models.
  • Cosmology - A collection of reviews, figures, and research papers on inflationary cosmology.
  • Cosmology - From the Official String Theory Website. Basic and advanced tutorials on the age and structure of the universe, the Big Bang, and the relation of string theory to cosmology.
  • Cosmology and Cosmologists - A collection of articles explaining cosmology and the theory of relativity, as well as biographies of noted cosmologists.
  • Cosmology from Topological Defects - Lecture Notes delivered at the Xth Brazilian School on Cosmology and Gravitation, Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, July 29 - August 9, 2002.
  • Cosmology II: From Planck Time to BBN - Progress in early Universe cosmology, including strings, extra dimensions, inflation, phase transitions, and baryogenesis, is reviewed.
  • Cosmology Made Simple - A very basic overview of cosmology
  • Cosmology tutorial - Contains a cosmology tutorial. Preliminary introduction to General Relativity and its application to Cosmology. Also study of stringy matter as a part of the Universe.
  • Dynamical Systems in Cosmology - A tutorial introducing the use of dynamical systems to study the large scale structure of the universe.
  • Einstein-deSitter Model - An article on the Einstein-deSitter model of cosmology
  • Elementary introduction to pre-big bang cosmology and to the relic graviton background - This is a contracted version of a series of lectures for graduate and undergraduate students
  • An Engineer's View of Cosmology - Four papers on cosmological calculations using simplifying assumptions.
  • Everything Forever; Learning to See and Model All Possible Universes - This site is intended to help the reader step outside of time and imagine the shape of what is ultimately possible in a timeless universe.
  • An Exposition on Inflationary Cosmology - In this paper, the fundamentals of modern cosmology for an isotropic and homogeneous space-time will be reviewed. Other issues suggesting a more general theory are presented and inflation is introduced as a resolution to this conundrum.
  • Friedmann-Lemaitre Cosmological Models - Article from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics.
  • From Newton's Laws to the Wheeler-deWitt equation - This is a pedagogical paper which explains some ideas in cosmology at a level accessible to undergraduate students. Following standard quantization procedures the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the minisuperspace approximation is derived for empty and non-empty universes.
  • Introduction to Cosmology - Contains report of a seminar on a model cosmology. Preliminary introduction to General Relativity with application to cosmology.
  • Introduction to Cosmology - A set of postrscript lecture notes on the basic principles of cosmology.
  • Introduction to Cosmology - These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.
  • Introduction to Inflationary Cosmology - Introduction to cosmology and inflation by Scott Watson of Brown University.
  • Introductory review of cosmic inflation - These lecture notes provide an introduction to cosmic inflation. In particular the basic concepts of inflation, generation of density perturbations, and reheating after inflation.
  • Low Density Inflationary Universes - A review of the geometry and density of the universe, with a focus on inflationary models.
  • Making Sense of Modern Cosmology - A review of modern cosmology theories by P. James E. Peebles
  • Mathematical Cosmology - A review of current unsolved problems in mathematical cosmology
  • Minkowski Functionals in Cosmology - Minkowski functionals provide a novel tool to characterize the large-scale galaxy distribution in the Universe. Here we give a brief tutorial on the basic features of these morphological measures and indicate their practical application for simulation data and galaxy redshift catalogues as examples.
  • MIT Cosmology - MIT's cosmology site offers links to research locally and around the world, as well as related departments elsewhere.
  • Multidimensional Gravity and Cosmology - A short review of recent results on exact solutions in multidimensional cosmology
  • New Developments in Cosmology - A review of how the understanding of our Universe has evolved
  • Numerical Simulations in Cosmology I: Methods - This lecture gives a short introduction to different methods used in cosmology. The focus is on major features of N-body simulations: equations, main numerical techniques, effects of resolution, and methods of halo identification.
  • Particle Aspects of Cosmology and Baryogenesis - An introduction to particle aspects of cosmology with particular refrence to primordial nucleosynthesis, dark matter and baryogenesis is provided. In particular, various scenarios-GUT baryogenesis, electroweak baryogenesis and baryogenesis through leptogenesis are reviewed.
  • Physics 7: Relativity and Cosmology - A set of notes tracing the historical development of cosmology in a qualitative way.
  • The Possible Geometries for Space - A short article on the possible structures for space in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model
  • A Quantum Leap for Cosmology - A theory that unites quantum mechanics and general relativity claims that there was no first moment in time, but it still agrees with the predictions of classical cosmology.
  • A Review of Inflationary Cosmology - The aim of this lecture is to highlight two areas of recent progress in inflationary cosmology, namely reheating and the quantum theory of cosmological perturbations.
  • Scientific American: Four Keys to Cosmology - The big bang theory works better than ever. If only cosmologists could figure out that mysterious acceleration....
  • A Simple Introduction to Pre-Big-Bang Physics/Cosmology - A simple, non-technical introduction to the pre-big bang scenario is given, emphasizing physical motivations, considerations, and consequences over formalism.
  • Space, Time, and Cosmology - Learn about the origins of the universe and its fate. Einstein's Theory of Relativity is both interesting and comprehensible.
  • 1st SPOT Cosmology - References to cosmological sites featuring in-depth coverage of issues like dark matter, black holes and symmetric theory.
  • String Cosmology - A lecture on aspects of superstring theory and cosmology.
  • String Cosmology: A Review - Talk presented at COSPAR '02, Houston, Texas, October 2002.
  • Topology of the Universe - A thesis (in PDF format) which studies the possible topologies of the universe and their physical implications.
  • University of Alberta Cosmology Program - Includes a staff list and a brief description of work done in that centre.
  • What is Theoretical Cosmology - Theoretical cosmologists study the evolution and composition of the universe as a system, constructing theories and confronting them with experiments and observations

    What is the electron spin?
    Electron spin is the electron's electromagnetic field angular momentum

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