Physics Thermodynamics

  • About Temperature - A very basic (prepared for the middle school math teachers) tutorial but still useful for professionals.
  • Carnot cycle - Applet showing the physics processes of a Carnot heat engine by Fu-Kwun Hwang of the National Ta´wan Normal University.
  • A Concise History of Thermodynamics - An overview of the history/evolution of thermodynamics. This is an excerpt from a biography of J. Willard Gibbs. The overview is available from the site in MS Word or pdf/Acrobat format.
  • Ideal Gas Law - Applet illustrating the ideal gas law : action of a piston in a pressure chamber filled with ideal gas.
  • Thermodynamics - Basic Cycles and components - Intended for new thermodynamics students to gain a basic understanding of cycles and components
  • Thermodynamics and Its Applications - Companion site to the textbook by J. W. Tester and M. Modell, includes answers to selected problems and current errata.
  • Thermodynamics and Thermal Physics -'s index to thermodynamics information.
  • Thermodynamics Research Laboratory - Classical, Quantum, Nanoscale & Statistical Thermodynamics & Mechanics data and property calculation Sites.

    What is the electron spin?
    Electron spin is the electron's electromagnetic field angular momentum

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